Arrival at Mount Sinai
Preparing the People to Receive God's Covenant
Moses receives God's Commandments
Moses Confronts Aaron
Moses carves 2 new tablets of stone
Beginning the Second Year after the Exodus from Egypt
The Tabernacle Construction Completed
The Tabernacle was completed and dedicated on the 1st day of the 1st month of the 2nd year. This was about one year from the time the people of Israel arrived at Sinai. The work building the Tabernacle is completed when the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the Presence of the LORD filled the Tabernacle. Exod 40 Num 7,8
Moses instructed the people of Israel to offer the passover sacrifice in the 1st month, on the 14th day of the month, at twilight, in the wilderness of Sinai. The people of Israel celebrate their first passover in the wilderness. Num 9
Preparing to Leave Mount Sinai
God orders Moses to take a census of every male able to bear arms from the age of 20 years up grouping them by their ancestral tribes. Num 1:1 All the Israelites, aged twenty years and over, enrolled by ancestral houses, all those in Israel who were able to bear arms— all who were enrolled came to 603,550. The LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: The Israelites shall camp each with his standard, under the banners of their ancestral house; they shall camp around the Tent of Meeting at a distance. Num 2:1-2
The Levites were not recorded in the census by their ancestral tribe because God made the Levites responsible for everything pertaining to the Tabernacle. The Levites pack and carry the Tabernacle with all its furnishings and camp around the Tabernacle to tend to it. Num 1:47-53
Each of the twelve tribes were assigned specific places and responsibilities in the camp and on the march.
The tribe of Levi functioned as the firstborn for all the tribes. Instead of having each tribe commissioning their firstborn to be conscripted as priests, the entire tribe of Levi served as proxy substitutes for the entire nation. Every firstborn, whether man or beast, belonged to the Lord as a result of His striking the firstborn of Egypt.
(2014-03-15). The Moody Bible Commentary (Kindle Locations 8171-8173). Moody Publishers. Kindle Edition.